F1 Goldendoole with tennis ball
Dog Breeds

F1 vs. F1B vs. F2 Goldendoodles: Understanding the Generations

Is an F1 Goldendoodle better than an F2 Goldendoodle? Are F1 Goldendoodles really hypoallergenic? Maybe you’re wondering what all of these Fs and numbers even mean; well, let me enlighten you!
There are fundamental distinctions between what breeders call F1, F1B, F2, and multigenerational (called multigens) Goldendoodles. Continue reading to find out all about it!

F1 Goldendoodle at the Beach

F1 Goldendoodle

The F1 generation of Goldendoodle is a hybrid breed of a Golden Retriever and a Poodle. It is a first generation mix of both breeds with a 50-50% blend.

Characteristics and Temperament

Known for being the perfect family pet due to their friendliness, sharp intellect, and good trainability. Due to how loving F1 Goldendoodles are, they can often experience separation anxiety.

Shedding and Allergies

F1 Goldendoodles are less prone to shedding compared to Golden Retrievers. Suitable for those allergic to high-shedding dogs or those who want to avoid the inconvenience of cleaning up hair. However, this does not guarantee they are hypoallergenic, as it depends on the genetic influence of the Poodle parent.

Hybrid Vigor and Health

The F1 Goldendoodle can exhibit hybrid vigor, meaning they gain the most health benefits as the first cross between two purebred dogs. This reduces the risk of genetic defects commonly associated with inbreeding. However, they can still inherit genetic issues common to both the Poodle and the Golden Retriever.

Coat and Appearance

F1 Goldendoodles usually have a wavy or curly coat texture (requiring regular brushing to prevent matting) and can come in a range of sizes and colors, including deep red, black, cream, and apricot. A full-grown F1 Goldendoodle usually weighs between 50 and 90 pounds, whereas a miniature one will be between 15 and 35 pounds.

Exercise Needs

Very energetic and need regular exercise to maintain their physical and mental health. Without adequate exercise, this breed may become restless and destructive. F1 Goldendoodles enjoy:

  • Playing
  • Running
  • Going for walks

At least 30 minutes of moderate to active activity daily is recommended to keep them healthy.

Mental stimulation is crucial for F1 Goldendoodles. They enjoy playing games and learning new tricks, which helps keep their minds engaged and sharp.

Lifespan and Health

Typically, F1 Goldendoodles can live up to 15 years, depending on factors such as diet, exercise, and overall health. Consistent veterinary checkups are essential to improve their chances of living a long and healthy life.

F1 Goldendoodle sitting

F1B Goldendoodle

The “B” represents backcross, which indicates a Goldendoodle with an F1 Goldendoodle parent and one of the original breeds (Golden Retriever or Poodle) as a parent. It’s highly likely that the puppies will have more of a resemblance to the “B” parent.

F1B Goldendoodles are typically produced by crossing an F1 Goldendoodle with a Poodle, resulting in 75% Poodle and 25% Golden Retriever genetics. This higher Poodle percentage allows breeders to more accurately predict the sizes and coat types of the puppies, making them more like Poodles.

Alternatively, F1B reverse Goldendoodles are 75% Golden Retriever and 25% Poodle. However, this is less desirable due to their non-hypoallergenic coat.

Coat and Allergies

F1B Goldendoodles have reduced shedding, making them desirable for allergy sufferers or those who prefer less fur around their homes. They are more hypoallergenic than F1 Goldendoodles due to the higher percentage of Poodle genes.

Physical Characteristics

  • Head: Broader top skull at the back than the front.
  • Muzzle: Square-shaped, broader at the stop than the tip.
  • Eyes: Oval-shaped.
  • Ears: Moderately low-hanging.
  • Bite: Scissor bite.
  • Nose Colors: Wide range of nose colors.


Like the F1 generation, F1B Goldendoodles are loyal, intelligent, and make perfect family pets. However, they have high energy levels, which can sometimes frustrate owners. They love to gnaw on furniture, houseplants, or anything that captures their attention, making it essential to keep them busy with Goldendoodle-approved toys.

Coat Colors and Grooming

F1B Goldendoodles come in various colors, including golden. Their coat often lightens with age, resulting in feathering and whiteness. Due to their curly coat, extra grooming is required to prevent matting. Grooming includes regular haircuts every 8 to 12 weeks.

Hybrid Vigor

F1B Goldendoodles exhibit some level of hybrid vigor although it is not as prominent as in the F1. Essentially these are the second generation descendants of F1 Goldendoodles.

Miniature F1B Goldendoodles

F1B mini Goldendoodles are the most common form of mini Goldendoodles. They typically weigh between 15 and 25 pounds and grow to around 13-17 inches, similar in size to miniature Poodles.

F1BB Goldendoodle

F1BB Goldendoodles are quite a hit among dog fans in the US. Bred by crossing an F1B Goldendoodle with a purebred Poodle. A result of Poodle (87.5%) with Golden Retriever (12.5%) giving them their qualities and making them less prone to causing allergies. A great choice for those seeking a hypoallergenic companion that doesn’t shed much.


The F1BB Goldendoodle is significantly bigger than a Poodle and weighs 14-20 kilos. These pups can adapt to nearly every living environment, whether an apartment or a spacious family home with a garden.

Well known for being amicable and sociable, making them great companions for families and the elderly. However, they need mental stimulation and physical activity, so access to playtime is essential. It’s recommended to take them for 30 minute walks twice a day or 20 minute walks thrice a day.

Caring Tips

When selecting an F1BB Goldendoodle, it’s crucial to consider your lifestyle and health requirements. For allergy sufferers, choosing a pup with curlier hair is advisable. Their curly hair traps any loose hair, which stops hair dispersion around the house.
Regular visits to the vet are important to keep track of your pup’s health. Poodle mixes can have certain health issues, like hip dysplasia, ear infections, and dental problems.

F2 Goldendoodle

An F2 Goldendoodle is the breeding of two F1 Goldendoodles. Its genetic mix can vary, but it is roughly 50% Poodle and 50% Golden Retriever.

Coat Types and Colors

They have a range of coat types, including curly, wavy, and straight.

  • Curly coats: These shed the least and are often the most hypoallergenic – perfect for people with allergies!
  • Wavy coats: This type is an excellent middle ground between curly and straight coats.
  • Straight coats: while less hypoallergenic, have their appeal but tend to shed a bit more.

F2 Goldendoodles are known for their distinct colored coats, which can range from cream to red. These variations occur because they are mixed even more than the F1 generation.

Temperament and Socialization

F2 Goldendoodles are loved by dog owners across the US due to their affectionate nature and love for human interaction. They are generally dependable and, with proper training, can be very obedient. However, they also have a humorous side and can be naughty when the mood strikes.

It’s important to ensure that F2 Goldendoodles are socialized from a young age. Exposure to different people, sounds, and environments will help them develop a good temperament. A good place to start would be enrolling them in puppy kindergarten! They would also benefit from visiting dog-friendly stores, crowded dog parks, and going on walks to meet neighbors’ dogs.

Health and Grooming Tips

F2 Goldendoodles have a life expectancy of 10-15 years. Like any other breed, they may be at risk for health problems such as hip and elbow dysplasia, progressive retinal atrophy, skin allergies, and ear infections. Preventive measures include attentive grooming and routine veterinary checkups. Curly and wavy coats need brushing several times a week and professional grooming every 6-8 weeks.

If you’re ready for a loyal, loving companion, an F2 Goldendoodle might be perfect for your home!

Goldendoodle Grooming

F2B and F2BB Goldendoodle

  • F2B Goldendoodle: This generation is the result of breeding an F1 Goldendoodle with an F1B Goldendoodle. The genetic composition is approximately 62.5% Poodle and 37.5% Golden Retriever.
  • F2BB Goldendoodle: Breeding an F2B Goldendoodle with a purebred Poodle creates an F2BB Goldendoodle, which has about 81.25% Poodle and 18.75% Golden Retriever genetics.

Coat Types

  • Curly Coats: Most common in both F2B and F2BB Goldendoodles. Curly coats are the most hypoallergenic due to not shedding as much.
  • Wavy Coats: More common in F2B Goldendoodles. Wavy coats don’t shed as much as straight coats.
  • Straight Coats: Tend to not occur with these generations. They’re the least hypoallergenic.

Suitability for Various Living Situations

  • Apartments: Both F2B and F2BB Goldendoodles can adapt to apartment living as long as they receive plenty of exercise and mental stimulation.
  • Houses with Yards: Having space to play and explore allows these dogs to thrive.
  • Families: They are great with children and other pets. Perfect for couples who are dedicated to providing exercise, training, and grooming.

Health Advice

  • Diet: They require a high-quality diet rich in proteins to maintain strength and energy.
  • Dental Health: Brush their teeth twice a week to remove bacteria and tartar.
  • Regular Exercise: Regular exercise helps reduce the risk of obesity and premature death, maintaining a healthy weight. F2B Goldendoodles enjoy outdoor exercises in areas with ample space to run and agility tests for mental stimulation. Provide chew toys to promote healthy chewing habits.

F3 and Multigenerational Goldendoodle

F3 Goldendoodles are the third generation in the Goldendoodle breeding line, created by breeding two F2 Goldendoodles. This breed is much less common as it can be quite difficult to breed due to its unpredictability. Friendly and gentle, easily compatible with families, singles, and couples.

Coat Types

  • Silky Coats: Some F3 Goldendoodles have a silky texture, similar to their Poodle parent. This coat is soft to the touch, giving the Goldendoodle a luxurious appearance.
  • Curly Coats: These coats feature tight ringlets or curls, often dense and requiring regular grooming to prevent matting.
  • Wavy Coats: Lying between silky and curly textures, wavy coats have loose waves that provide a casual yet elegant look.
  • Fuzzy Coats: These coats have a coarser feel, resembling the coat of the Golden Retriever parent.

Grooming Tips

While it’s important to keep your F3 Goldendoodle clean, avoid excessive bathing. Over-bathing can strip the coat of natural oils, leading to dryness and potential dehydration. Bathing once every 4-6 weeks is usually sufficient unless advised otherwise by a veterinarian.

Training Tips

F3 Goldendoodles are easy to train due to their parent breeds’ eagerness to learn and please their owners. Their trainability and adaptable nature make them suitable for various living situations, including apartments, suburban homes, and rural areas.

  • Training Methods: Positive reinforcement methods, such as treats, praise, and rewards, are the best for training F3 Goldendoodles. They respond well to gentle correction and are sensitive to their owner’s body language and tone of voice.


What are the Different Generations of Goldendoodles?

  • F1: First generation Goldendoodle, a mix of 50% Golden Retriever and 50% Poodle.
  • F1B: F1 Goldendoodle bred with a Poodle is a backcross that’s 75% Poodle and 25% Golden Retriever.
  • F2: Mix of two F1 Goldendoodles.
  • F2B: Cross between an F2 Goldendoodle and a Poodle.
  • F3: Combination of two F2 Goldendoodles or higher generations.

How Much Do Goldendoodles Weigh?

Goldendoodles come in three main sizes:

  • Mini: 15-30 pounds
  • Medium: 30-45 pounds
  • Standard: 45-100 pounds

Are Goldendoodles Hypoallergenic?

No dog is completely hypoallergenic. However, Goldendoodles are often better suited for people with allergies due to their Poodle ancestry, which tends to have less shedding.

How much grooming do Goldendoodles need?

Grooming needs vary depending on the Goldendoodle’s coat type. All Goldendoodles require regular grooming to keep their coats healthy and prevent matting, including:

  • Brushing several times a week
  • Professional grooming every 6-8 weeks

How Much Exercise Does a Goldendoodle Need?

Goldendoodles are active dogs that need regular exercise. This includes:

  • Daily walks
  • Playtime
  • Mental stimulation

Are Goldendoodles Easy to Train?

Yes, Goldendoodles are generally easy to train due to their intelligence and eagerness to please. Positive reinforcement techniques work the best with them.

How Long Do Goldendoodles Live?

Goldendoodles typically live for around 10 to 15 years on average. This can differ based on their diet, physical activity level, and any genetic health conditions they may have inherited.

What Should I Feed My Goldendoodle?

A great diet for your Goldendoodle should include plenty of high-protein foods like beef, lamb, turkey, chicken, and pork. Your dog’s age and activity level should determine what and how much you feed it.

Are Goldendoodles Good with Other Pets?

Goldendoodles are known to be friendly and sociable. Early socialization is essential to ensure they get along well with other pets.

Can Goldendoodles Be Left Alone for Long Periods?

Goldendoodles thrive on human interaction and can develop separation anxiety when left alone for long periods. It’s important to gradually ease them into being alone and ensure they have plenty of toys and activities to keep them busy.

Do Goldendoodles Bark a Lot?

Goldendoodles are not typically excessive barkers. However, they can alert their owners to strangers or unusual noises. Proper training can help manage any unwanted barking behavior.